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References

created 14 June 2017 (JV), edited 9 September 2019

(Czech version)

This page provides an overview of medical papers and other publications relevant to human physiology in the context of carbohydrate restriction, and to the role of carbohydrate-restricted diets in physical activity and in the treatment and/or prevention of chronic diseases. Although best efforts are taken to keep this overview updated regularly, it is not exhaustive and items are being added on an ongoing basis. For ease of reference, there are separate sections as follows:

  1. Systematic Reviews/Meta-analyses (22 publications, by date)
  2. Randomised Controlled Trials (45 publications by date)
  3. Other Trials (17 publications, by date)
  4. Review papers (16 publications, by date)
  5. Monographies and other books (16 items, by author)
  6. Disease-oriented overview (31 items, by disease)
  7. Extended list of resources (248 items, by author)

Period covered: 1797 – 2019

Total items: 248

 1. SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES
(22 publications, by date)

Gjuladin-Hellon (2018) Effects of carbohydrate-restricted diets on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Zuuren (2018) Effects of low-carbohydrate- compared with low-fat-diet interventions on metabolic control in people with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review including GRADE assessments (český abstrakt)

Turton (2018) Low-carbohydrate diets for type 1 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review

Sainsbury (2018) Effect of dietary carbohydrate restriction on glycemic control in adults with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Huntriss (2018) The interpretation and effect of a low-carbohydrate diet in the management of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta- analysis of randomised controlled trials

Kosinski (2017) Effects of Ketogenic Diets on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Evidence from Animal and Human Studies

McGrice (2017) The Effect of Low Carbohydrate Diets on Fertility Hormones and Outcomes in Overweight and Obese Women: A Systematic Review

Snoorgard (2017) Systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary carbohydrate restriction in patients with type 2 diabetes

Harcombe (2016)  The universities of Stellenbosch/Cape Town low- carbohydrate diet review: Mistake or mischief?

Mansoor (2016) Effects of low-carbohydrate diets v. low-fat diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Martin (2016) Ketogenic diet and other dietary treatments for epilepsy

Dyson (2015) Low Carbohydrate Diets and Type 2 Diabetes: What is the Latest Evidence? (český abstrakt)

Manheimer (2015) Paleolithic nutrition for metabolic syndrome: systematic review and meta-analysis

Sackner-Bernstein (2015) Dietary Intervention for Overweight and Obese Adults: Comparison of Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets. A Meta-Analysis

Gibson (2014) Do ketogenic diets really suppress appetite? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Naude (2014) Low Carbohydrate versus Isoenergetic Balanced Diets for Reducing Weight and Cardiovascular Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ajala (2013) Systematic review and meta-analysis of different dietary approaches to the management of type 2 diabetes (český abstrakt)

Bueno (2013) Very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet v. low-fat diet for long-term weight loss: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Hu (2012) Effects of Low-Carbohydrate Diets Versus Low-Fat Diets on Metabolic Risk Factors: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials

Santos (2012) Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials of the effects of low carbohydrate diets on cardiovascular risk factors

Cochrane (2007) Dietary advice for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults (Review)

Nordman (2006) Effects of Low-Carbohydrate vs Low-Fat Diets on Weight Loss and Cardiovascular Risk Factors - A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

 

2. RANDOMISED CONTROLLED TRIALS
(RCTs, 45 publications, by date)

Gepner (2019) The beneficial effects of Mediterranean diet over low-fat diet may be mediated by decreasing hepatic fat content

Iacovides (2019) Three consecutive weeks of nutritional ketosis has no effect on cognitive function, sleep, and mood compared with a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet in healthy individuals: a randomized, crossover, controlled trial

Schmidt (2019) Low versus High Carbohydrate Diet in Type 1 Diabetes: A 12-week randomized open-label crossover study

Skytte (2019) A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet improves HbA1c and liver fat content in weight stable participants with type 2 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial

Ebbeling (2018) Effects of a low carbohydrate diet on energy expenditure during weight loss maintenance: randomized trial (Supplementdata, český abstrakt)

Tay (2018) Effects of an energy-restricted low-carbohydrate, high unsaturated fat/low saturated fat diet versus a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet in type 2 diabetes: A 2-year randomized clinical trial.

Gardner (2018) Effect of Low-Fat vs Low-Carbohydrate Diet on 12-Month Weight Loss in Overweight Adults and the Association With Genotype Pattern or Insulin Secretion, The DIETFITS Randomized Clinical Trial

Samkani (2018) A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients

Vargas (2018) Efficacy of ketogenic diet on body composition during resistance training in trained men: a randomized controlled trial

Ranjan (2017) Short-term effects of a low carbohydrate diet on glycaemic variables and cardiovascular risk markers in patients with type 1 diabetes: A randomized open-label crossover trial

Saslow (2017) An Online Intervention Comparing a Very Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations Versus a Plate Method Diet in Overweight Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Veum (2017) Visceral adiposity and metabolic syndrome after very high–fat and low-fat isocaloric diets: a randomized controlled trial

Zinn (2017) A 12-week low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet improves metabolic health outcomes over a control diet in a randomised controlled trial with overweight defence force personnel

Brinkworth (2016a) Long-term effects of very low-carbohydrate and high-carbohydrate weight-loss diets on psychological health in obese adults with type 2 diabetes: randomized controlled trial

Brinkworth (2016b) Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight-loss diet and an isocaloric low-fat diet on bone health in obese adults

Hu (2016) The Effects of a Low-Carbohydrate Diet vs. a Low-Fat Diet on Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Krebs (2016) A randomised trial of the feasibility of a low carbohydrate diet vs standard carbohydrate counting in adults with type 1 diabetes taking body weight into account

Gardner (2015) Weight Loss on Low-Fat vs. Low-Carb Diets by Insulin Resistance Status Among Overweight Adults & Adults with Obesity: A Randomized Pilot Trial

Bazzano (2014) Effects of Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets: A Randomized Trial

Jenkins (2014) Effect of a 6-month vegan low-carbohydrate (‘Eco-Atkins’) diet on cardiovascular risk factors and body weight in hyperlipidaemic adults: a randomised controlled trial

Saslow (2013) A Randomized Pilot Trial of a Moderate Carbohydrate Diet Compared to a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet in Overweight or Obese Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus or Prediabetes

Summer (2011) Adiponectin Changes in Relation to the Macronutrient Composition of a Weight-Loss Diet

Foster (2010) Weight and Metabolic Outcomes After 2 Years on a Low-Carbohydrate Versus Low-Fat Diet: A Randomized Trial

Iqbal (2010) Effects of a Low-intensity Intervention that prescribed a Low-carbohydrate vs. a Low-fat Diet in Obese, Diabetic participants

Krebs (2010) Efficacy and Safety of a High Protein, Low Carbohydrate Diet for Weight Loss in Severely Obese Adolescents

Shai (2010) Dietary Intervention to Reverse Carotid Atherosclerosis

Lim (2010) Long-term effects of a low carbohydrate, low fat or high unsaturated fat diet compared to a no-intervention control

Brinkworth (2009) Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight loss diet compared with an isocaloric low-fat diet after 12 mo

Davis (2009) Comparative Study of the Effects of a 1-Year Dietary Intervention of a Low- Carbohydrate Diet Versus a Low-Fat Diet on Weight and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

Westman (2008) The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Dyson (2007) A low-carbohydrate diet is more effective in reducing body weight than healthy eating in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects

Gardner (2007) Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN Diets for Change in Weight and Related Risk Factors Among Overweight Premenopausal Women The A TO Z Weight Loss Study: A Randomized Trial

Halyburton (2007) Low- and high-carbohydrate weight-loss diets have similar effects on mood but not cognitive performance

Johnston (2006) Ketogenic low-carbohydrate diets have no metabolic advantage over nonketogenic low-carbohydrate diets

Daly (2005) Short-term effects of severe dietary carbohydrate- restriction advice in Type 2 diabetes—a randomized controlled trial

Dansinger (2005) Comparison of the Atkins, Ornish, Weight Watchers, and Zone Diets for Weight Loss and Heart Disease Risk Reduction

Nickols-Richardson (2005) Perceived Hunger Is Lower and Weight Loss Is Greater in Overweight Premenopausal Women Consuming a Low-Carbohydrate/High-Protein vs High-Carbohydrate/Low-Fat Diet

Aude (2004) The National Cholesterol Education Program Diet vs a Diet Lower in Carbohydrates and Higher in Protein and Monounsaturated Fat A Randomized Trial

Stern (2004) The Effects of Low-Carbohydrate versus Conventional Weight Loss Diets in Severely Obese Adults: One-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Trial

Volek (2004) Comparison of energy-restricted very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on weight loss and body composition in overweight men and women

Yancy (2004) A Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet versus a Low-Fat Diet To Treat Obesity and Hyperlipidemia: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Brehm (2003) A Randomized Trial Comparing a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet and a Calorie-Restricted Low Fat Diet on Body Weight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Healthy Women

Samaha (2003) A Low-Carbohydrate as Compared with a Low-Fat Diet in Severe Obesity

Sondike (2003) Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor in overweight adolescents

Lorenz-Meyer (1997) Omega-3 fatty acids and low carbohydrate diet for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease. A randomized controlled multicenter trial. Study Group Members (German Crohn's Disease Study Group)

 

3. OTHER TRIALS
(17 studies, by date)

Hyde (2019) Dietary carbohydrate restriction improves metabolic syndrome independent of weight loss

Walton (2019) Improvement in Glycemic and Lipid Profiles in Type 2 Diabetics with a 90-Day Ketogenic Diet

Unwin (2019) Substantial and Sustained Improvements in Blood Pressure, Weight and Lipid Profiles from a Carbohydrate Restricted Diet: An Observational Study of Insulin Resistant Patients in Primary Care

Brenton (2019) Pilot study of a ketogenic diet in relapsing- remitting MS

Dostal (2019) Effects of a 12-week very-low carbohydrate high-fat diet on maximal aerobic capacity, high-intensity intermittent exercise, and cardiac autonomic regulation: non-randomized parallel-group study

Kephart (2018) The Three-Month Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on Body Composition, Blood Parameters, and Performance Metrics in CrossFit Trainees: A Pilot Study

Athinarayanan (2018) Long-Term Effects of a Novel Continuous Remote Care Intervention Including Nutritional Ketosis for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes: A 2-year Non-randomized Clinical Trial.

Lennerz (2018) Management of Type 1 Diabetes With a Very Low–Carbohydrate Diet

Cipryan (2018) Effects of a 4-Week Very Low-Carbohydrate Diet on High-Intensity Interval Training Responses

Saslow (2018) Outcomes of a Digitally Delivered Low-Carbohydrate Type 2 Diabetes Self-Management Program: 1-Year Results of a Single-Arm Longitudinal Study

Bhanpuri (2018) Cardiovascular disease risk factor Cardiovascular Diabetology Open Access responses to a type 2 diabetes care model including nutritional ketosis induced by sustained carbohydrate restriction at 1 year: an open label, non-randomized, controlled study

Cicero (2015) Middle and Long-Term Impact of a Very Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet on Cardiometabolic Factors: A Multi-Center, Cross-Sectional, Clinical Study

Perez-Guisado (2011) A Pilot Study of the Spanish Ketogenic Mediterranean Diet: An Effective Therapy for the Metabolic Syndrome

Perez-Guisado (2011) The Effect of the Spanish Ketogenic Mediterranean Diet on Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Pilot Study

Haimoto (2009) Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on glycemic control in outpatients with severe type 2 diabetes

Perez-Guisado (2008) Spanish Ketogenic Mediterranean diet: a healthy cardiovascular diet for weight loss

Benoit (1965) Changes in Body Composition During Weight Reduction in Obesity - Balance studies comparing effects of fasting and a ketogenic diet

4. REVIEW PAPERS
(16 papers, by date)

Scott (2019) Carbohydrate Restriction in Type 1 Diabetes: A Realistic Therapy for Improved Glycaemic Control and Athletic Performance?

Rušavý (2019) JE MOŽNÉ DOSÁHNOUT REMISE DIABETU 2. TYPU? (Is it possible to achieve remission of Type 2 Diabetes?)

Bolla (2019) Low-Carb and Ketogenic Diets in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Hallberg (2019) Reversing Type 2 Diabetes: A Narrative Review of the Evidence

Guess (2018) Dietary Interventions for the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes in High-Risk Groups: Current State of Evidence and Future Research Needs

Krejčí (2018) Nízkosacharidová strava v léčbě diabetes mellitus (Low carbohydrate diets in diabetes mellitus treatment)

Gershuni (2018) Nutritional Ketosis for Weight Management and Reversal of Metabolic Syndrome

Krejčí (2016) Gestační Diabetes Mellitus

Rušavý (2016) Složení makronutrientů v diabetické dietě (Macronutrient composition of diabetic diet)

Henderson (2016) Court of Last Appeal - The Early History of the High-fat Diet for Diabetes

Paoli (2015) The Ketogenic Diet and Sport: A Possible Marriage?

Paoli (2015) Ketosis, ketogenic diet and food intake control: a complex relationship

Feinman (2014) Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: Critical review and evidence base

Paoli (2013) Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets

Day (2012) The hypocaloric diet in type 2 diabetes - déjà vu

Wheless (2008) History of the ketogenic diet

 

5. MONOGRAPHIES AND OTHER BOOKS
(16 items, by author)

Bender (2014) Introduction to Nutrition and Metabolism

Bernstein (2011) Dr Bernstein's Diabetes Solution: A Complete Guide To Achieving Normal Blood Sugars

CSIRO (2016) The CSIRO Low-Carb Diet

Cummins (2018) Eat Rich, Live Long: Mastering the Low-Carb & Keto Spectrum for Weight Loss and Longevity

Frayn (2013) Metabolic Regulation: A Human Perspective

Harvey (2010) Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews: Biochemistry

Kasper (2015) Výživa v medicíně a dietetika (Nutrition in medicine and dietetics)

Kossoff (2011) Ketogenic Diets: Treatments for Epilepsy and Other Disorders

Nichols (2015) Real Food for Gestational Diabetes: An Effective Alternative to the Conventional Nutrition Approach

Nichols (2018) Real Food for Pregnancy: The Science and Wisdom of Optimal Prenatal Nutrition

Nichols (2019) To pravé jídlo při těhotenské cukrovce – účinná alternativa ke konvenčním výživovým doporučením

Noakes (2015) The Real Meal Revolution: The Radical, Sustainable Approach to Healthy Eating (české vydání)

Noakes (2016) Super Food for Superchildren: Delicious, low-sugar recipes for healthy, happy children, from toddlers to teens (české vydání)

Noakes (2017) Lore of Nutrition: Challenging conventional dietary beliefs

Runyan (2017a) The Ketogenic Diet for Type 1 Diabetes: Reduce Your HbA1c and Avoid Diabetic Complications

Runyan (2017b) Conquer Type 2 Diabetes with a Ketogenic Diet: A Practical Guide for Reducing Your HBA1c and Avoiding Diabetic Complications

 

 

6. Disease-oriented overview (developed by Peter J Bagshaw)

Conditions that may be affected by a low carbohydrate diet (also includes murine/rat studies)

Original source here.

7.1 Effects mediated via Insulin resistance/Metabolic Syndrome

Obesity

Sackner-Bernstein (2015) Dietary Intervention for Overweight and Obese Adults: Comparison of Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets. A Meta-Analysis.

Cancer: colorectal, liver, gallbladder, pancreatic, and kidney cancer, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma in both sexes; breast, endometrial, cervical, and ovarian cancer in women; and leukaemia, oesophageal, stomach, and prostate cancer in men oesophageal, thyroid, colon, kidney, and rectal cancer, melanoma, leukaemia, and multiple myeloma.

Gallagher (2015) Obesity and Diabetes: The Increased Risk of Cancer and Cancer-Related Mortality

Gout

Evans (2018) Obesity, hypertension and diuretic use as risk factors for incident gout: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies

NAFLD

Kumar (2018) Association of pro-inflammatory cytokines, adipokines & oxidative stress with insulin resistance & non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Ahn (2018) Critical appraisal for low-carbohydrate diet in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Review and meta-analyses Clinical Nutrition Sep 2018

Type 2 diabetes

Huntriss (2018) The interpretation and effect of a low-carbohydrate diet in the management of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Dementia (risk reduction)

Richard (2016) Prevention of dementia by intense vascular care

PHE (2014) Blackfriars Consensus on promoting brain health: Reducing risks for dementia in the population

Chronic Lung disease

Chatila (2008) Comorbidities in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Ischaemic Heart Disease

Mansoor (2016) Effects of low-carbohydrate diets v. low-fat diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Chronic Kidney Disease

Oyabu (2016) Impact of low-carbohydrate diet on renal function: A meta-analysis of over 1000 individuals from nine randomised controlled trials.

Fibromyalgia

Pappolla (2019) Is insulin resistance the cause of fibromyalgia? A preliminary report

 

7.2 Ketogenic-specific effects

Epilepsy

Martin (2016) Ketogenic diet and other dietary treatments for epilepsy

Type 1 Diabetes

Lennerz (2018) Management of Type 1 Diabetes With a Very Low–Carbohydrate

Tóth (2014) Type 1 diabetes mellitus successfully managed with the paleolithic ketogenic diet

Dementia (treatment)

Newman (2017) Ketogenic diet or BHB improves epileptiform spikes, memory, survival in Alzheimer’s model

Glioblastoma (treatment)

Martuscello (2016) A Supplemented High-Fat Low-Carbohydrate Diet for the Treatment of Glioblastoma

Parkinson’s Disease 

Vanitallie (2005) Treatment of Parkinson disease with diet‐induced hyperketonemia: a feasibility study.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Zhao (2006) A ketogenic diet as a potential novel therapeutic intervention in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

GLUT1 deficiency syndrome

Ramm‐Pettersen (2013) Good outcome in patients with early dietary treatment of GLUT‐1 deficiency syndrome: results from a retrospective Norwegian study

Mitochondrial Diseases

Ahola‐Erkkilä (2010) Ketogenic diet slows down mitochondrial myopathy progression in mice.

Psoriasis

Castaldo (2016) Very low-calorie ketogenic diet may allow restoring response to systemic therapy in relapsing plaque psoriasis

Autism/ASD

Cheng (2016) Metabolism-Based Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Co-Morbidities

Alcohol withdrawal syndrome

Denke (2018) Ketogenic Diet Suppresses Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome in Rats

CFS/ME

Craig (2015) Mitoprotective dietary approaches for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Caloric restriction, fasting, and ketogenic diets

Migraine

Slavin (2017) A Clinical Approach to Addressing Diet with Migraine Patients

McCardle Disease

Reason (2017) Can a Low-Carbohydrate Diet Improve Exercise Tolerance in Mcardle Disease?

Potential complications of ketogenic diet are cited as nephrolithiasis, GI reflux, constipation, cardiomyopathy and (controversially) hyperlipidaemia

Branco (2006) Ketogenic diets: from cancer to mitochondrial diseases and beyond

Keene (2006) A systematic review of the use of the ketogenic diet in childhood epilepsy.

 

7.3 Other conditions

Osteoporosis (prevention)

Hu (2016) Effects of a 12-month Low-Carbohydrate Diet vs. a Low-Fat Diet on Bone Mineral Density: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Exercise Performance

Dostal (2019) Effects of a 12-Week Very-Low Carbohydrate High-Fat Diet on Maximal Aerobic Capacity, High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise, and Cardiac Autonomic Regulation: Non-randomized Parallel-Group Study

Elite exercise performance

Burke (2017) Low carbohydrate, high fat diet impairs exercise economy and negates the performance benefit from intensified training in elite race walkers

7. EXTENDED LIST OF REFERENCES
(248 items, by author)

ADA (2018) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - 2019

ADA-EASD (2018) Management of Hyperglycemia in Type 2 Diabetes, 2018. A Consensus Report by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) (částečný český překlad)

Ajala (2013) Systematic review and meta-analysis of different dietary approaches to the management of type 2 diabetes

Allen (1920) TOTAL DIETARY REGULATION IN THE TREATMENT OF DIABETES

Arora (2005) The case for low carbohydrate diets in diabetes management

Astrup (2017) Low-Fat or Low Carb for Weight Loss? It Depends on Your Glucose Metabolism

Athinarayanan (2018) Long-Term Effects of a Novel Continuous Remote Care Intervention Including Nutritional Ketosis for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes: A 2-year Non-randomized Clinical Trial.

Aubert (2016) The Failing Heart Relies on Ketone Bodies as a Fuel

Aude (2004) The National Cholesterol Education Program Diet vs a Diet Lower in Carbohydrates and Higher in Protein and Monounsaturated Fat A Randomized Trial

Banting (1862) Letter on Corpulence Addressed to the Public

Barabas (2016) Low carbohydrate diet and obesity treatment in primary health care: dietary advice after the new Swedish report

Barborka (1928) KETOGENIC DIET TREATMENT OF EPILEPSY IN ADULTS

Bazzano (2014) Effects of Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets: A Randomized Trial

Bedi (2016) Evidence for Intramyocardial Disruption of Lipid Metabolism and Increased Myocardial Ketone Utilization in Advanced Human Heart Failure

Bender (2014) Introduction to Nutrition and Metabolism

Benoit (1965) Changes in Body Composition During Weight Reduction in Obesity - Balance studies comparing effects of fasting and a ketogenic diet

Bernstein (1980) Virtually continuous euglycemia for 5 yr in a labile juvenile-onset diabetic patient under noninvasive closed-loop control

Bernstein (1992) Effects of low insulin and low carbohydrate on frequency and severity of hypoglycemia

Bernstein (2011) Dr Bernstein's Diabetes Solution: A Complete Guide To Achieving Normal Blood Sugars

Bernstein (2014) More Can Be Life Threatening

Bhanpuri (2018) Cardiovascular disease risk factor Cardiovascular Diabetology Open Access responses to a type 2 diabetes care model including nutritional ketosis induced by sustained carbohydrate restriction at 1 year: an open label, non-randomized, controlled study

Bolla (2019) Low-Carb and Ketogenic Diets in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Brehm (2003) A Randomized Trial Comparing a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet and a Calorie-Restricted Low Fat Diet on Body Weight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Healthy Women

Brenton (2019) Pilot study of a ketogenic diet in relapsing- remitting MS

Brinkworth (2009) Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight loss diet compared with an isocaloric low-fat diet after 12 mo

Brinkworth (2016a) Long-term effects of very low-carbohydrate and high-carbohydrate weight-loss diets on psychological health in obese adults with type 2 diabetes: randomized controlled trial

Brinkworth (2016b) Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight-loss diet and an isocaloric low-fat diet on bone health in obese adults

Brown (2018) Metabolic syndrome marks early risk for cognitive decline with APOE4 gene variation: A case study

Bueno (2013) Very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet v. low-fat diet for long-term weight loss: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Burke (2017) Low carbohydrate, high fat diet impairs exercise economy and negates the performance benefit from intensified training in elite race walkers

Cahill (1972) The Jeremiah Metzger Lecture - Ketosis

Campbell (2019) Adapting diabetes medication for low carbohydrate management of type 2 diabetes: a practical guide

Cavaleri (2018) Potential Synergies of β-Hydroxybutyrate and Butyrate on the Modulation of Metabolism, Inflammation, Cognition, and General Health

Chang (2017) Low‐Carbohydrate‐High‐Fat Diet: Can it Help Exercise Performance?

Cicero (2015) Middle and Long-Term Impact of a Very Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet on Cardiometabolic Factors: A Multi-Center, Cross-Sectional, Clinical Study

Cipryan (2018) Effects of a 4-Week Very Low-Carbohydrate Diet on High-Intensity Interval Training Responses

Cole (2010) Breastfeeding and ketogenic diet in epileptic infants

Cotter (2013) Ketone body metabolism and cardiovascular disease

Cox (2019) Ketogenic diets may reverse Type II diabetes and ameliorate clinical depression: A case study

Cochrane (2007) Dietary advice for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults (Review)

Creighton (2018) Paradox of hypercholesterolaemia in highly trained, keto-adapted athletes

Crofts (2016) Identifying hyperinsulinaemia in the absence of impaired glucose tolerance: An examination of the Kraft database

Cucuzzella (2017) A low-carbohydrate survey: Evidence for sustainable metabolic syndrome reversal

Cucuzzella (2019) A clinician’s guide to inpatient low- carbohydrate diets for remission of type 2 diabetes: toward a standard of care protocol (supplement)

CSIRO (2016) The CSIRO Low-Carb Diet

Cummins (2018) Eat Rich, Live Long: Mastering the Low-Carb & Keto Spectrum for Weight Loss and Longevity

Cunnane (2014) Energetic and nutritional constraints on infant brain development: Implications for brain expansion during human evolution

Czech (2017) Insulin action and resistance in obesity and type 2 diabetes

Daly (2005) Short-term effects of severe dietary carbohydrate- restriction advice in Type 2 diabetes—a randomized controlled trial

Dansinger (2005) Comparison of the Atkins, Ornish, Weight Watchers, and Zone Diets for Weight Loss and Heart Disease Risk Reduction

Dashti (2004) Long-term effects of a ketogenic diet in obese patients

Davis (2009) Comparative Study of the Effects of a 1-Year Dietary Intervention of a Low- Carbohydrate Diet Versus a Low-Fat Diet on Weight and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

Day (2012) The hypocaloric diet in type 2 diabetes - déjà vu

Diabetes Australia (2018) Position Statement - Low carbohydrate eating for people with diabetes

Diabetes UK (2017) Position statement: Low-carb diets for people with diabetes

Dehghan (2017) Associations of fats and carbohydrate intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality in 18 countries from ve continents (PURE): a prospective cohort study

Di Lorenzo (2016) Cortical functional correlates of responsiveness to short-lasting preventive intervention with ketogenic diet in migraine: a multimodal evoked potentials study

Dostal (2019) Effects of a 12-week very-low carbohydrate high-fat diet on maximal aerobic capacity, high-intensity intermittent exercise, and cardiac autonomic regulation: non-randomized parallel-group study

Dyson (2007) A low-carbohydrate diet is more effective in reducing body weight than healthy eating in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects

Dyson (2015) Low Carbohydrate Diets and Type 2 Diabetes: What is the Latest Evidence?

Ebbeling (2018) Effects of a low carbohydrate diet on energy expenditure during weight loss maintenance: randomized trial (Supplementdata, český abstrakt)

Ebstein (1898) Uber die Lebenweise der Zuckerkranken

Elamin (2017) Ketone-Based Metabolic Therapy: Is Increased NAD+ a Primary Mechanism?

Elidottir (2016) Dietary Intake and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Icelanders Following Voluntarily a Low Carbohydrate Diet

England (2014) Dietary changes and associations with metabolic improvements in adults with type 2 diabetes during a patient-centred dietary intervention: an exploratory analysis

Feinman (2014) Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: Critical review and evidence base

Ferrannini (2016) Shift to fatty substrates utilization in response to sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibition in nondiabetic subjects and type 2 diabetic patients

Fields (2016) Are Low-Carbohydrate Diets Safe and Effective?

Foster (2010) Weight and Metabolic Outcomes After 2 Years on a Low-Carbohydrate Versus Low-Fat Diet: A Randomized Trial

Frayn (2013) Metabolic Regulation: A Human Perspective

Fukao (2003) Pathways and control of ketone body metabolism: on the fringe of lipid biochemistry

Fukao (2014) Ketone body metabolism and its defects

Gardner (2007) Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN Diets for Change in Weight and Related Risk Factors Among Overweight Premenopausal Women The A TO Z Weight Loss Study: A Randomized Trial

Gardner (2015) Weight Loss on Low-Fat vs. Low-Carb Diets by Insulin Resistance Status Among Overweight Adults & Adults with Obesity: A Randomized Pilot Trial

Gardner (2018) Effect of Low-Fat vs Low-Carbohydrate Diet on 12-Month Weight Loss in Overweight Adults and the Association With Genotype Pattern or Insulin Secretion, The DIETFITS Randomized Clinical Trial

Gepner (2019) The beneficial effects of Mediterranean diet over low-fat diet may be mediated by decreasing hepatic fat content

Gershuni (2018) Nutritional Ketosis for Weight Management and Reversal of Metabolic Syndrome

Gibas (2017) Induced and controlled dietary ketosis as a regulator of obesity and metabolic syndrome pathologies

Gibson (2014) Do ketogenic diets really suppress appetite? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Gjuladin-Hellon (2018) Effects of carbohydrate-restricted diets on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Globopol (2017) Stručné přehledy - Nasycené mastné kyseliny

Greene (2018) A LOW-CARBOHYDRATE KETOGENIC DIET REDUCES BODY WEIGHT WITHOUT COMPROMISING PERFORMANCE IN POWERLIFTING AND OLYMPIC WEIGHTLIFTING ATHLETES

Gormsen (2017) Ketone Body Infusion With 3-Hydroxybutyrate Reduces Myocardial Glucose Uptake and Increases Blood Flow in Humans: A Positron Emission Tomography Study

Haimoto (2009) Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on glycemic control in outpatients with severe type 2 diabetes

Haimoto (2009) Acute metabolic responses to a high-carbohydrate meal in outpatients with type 2

Hall (2015) Calorie for Calorie, Dietary Fat Restriction Results in More Body Fat Loss than Carbohydrate Restriction in People with Obesity

Hall (2016) Energy expenditure and body composition changes after an isocaloric ketogenic diet in overweight and obese men

Hall (2018) Low-carbohydrate diets for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes

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Halyburton (2007) Low- and high-carbohydrate weight-loss diets have similar effects on mood but not cognitive performance

Hampton (2018) Gut Microbes May Account for the Anti-Seizure Effects of the Ketogenic Diet

Harvey (2010) Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews: Biochemistry

Harvey (2019) Low-carbohydrate diets differing in carbohydrate restriction improve cardiometabolic and anthropometric markers in healthy adults: A randomised clinical trial

Henderson (2016) Court of Last Appeal - The Early History of the High-fat Diet for Diabetes

Heussinger (2017) 10 patients, 10 years - Long term follow-up of cardiovascular risk factors in Glut1 deficiency treated with ketogenic diet therapies: A prospective, multicenter case series

Hite (2019) Clinical Guidelines for Therapeutic Carbohydrate Restriction

Hu (2012) Effects of Low-Carbohydrate Diets Versus Low-Fat Diets on Metabolic Risk Factors: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials

Hu (2016) The Effects of a Low-Carbohydrate Diet vs. a Low-Fat Diet on Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Huntriss (2018) The interpretation and effect of a low-carbohydrate diet in the management of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Hyde (2019) Dietary carbohydrate restriction improves metabolic syndrome independent of weight loss

Iacovides (2019) Three consecutive weeks of nutritional ketosis has no effect on cognitive function, sleep, and mood compared with a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet in healthy individuals: a randomized, crossover, controlled trial

Ichikawa (2006) Anesthetic management of a pediatric patient on a ketogenic diet

Impey (2018) Fuel for the Work Required: A Theoretical Framework for Carbohydrate Periodization and the Glycogen Threshold Hypothesis

Iqbal (2010) Effects of a Low-intensity Intervention that prescribed a Low-carbohydrate vs. a Low-fat Diet in Obese, Diabetic participants

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Jeukendrup (2003) High-carbohydrate versus high-fat diets in endurance sports

Johnson (1978) Protective Effects of Ketogenic Diets on Signs of Hypoglycemia

Johnston (2006) Ketogenic low-carbohydrate diets have no metabolic advantage over nonketogenic low-carbohydrate diets

Kahleova (2014) Eating two larger meals a day (breakfast and lunch) is more effective than six smaller meals in a reduced-energy regimen for patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomised crossover study

Kasper (2015) Výživa v medicíně a dietetika

Kephart (2018) The Three-Month Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on Body Composition, Blood Parameters, and Performance Metrics in CrossFit Trainees: A Pilot Study

Klement (2019) A ketogenic diet exerts beneficial effects on body composition of cancer patients during radiotherapy: An interim analysis of the KETOCOMP study

Kolwicz (2016) Ketones Step to the Plate: A Game Changer for Metabolic Remodeling in Heart Failure?

Kosinski (2017) Effects of Ketogenic Diets on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Evidence from Animal and Human Studies,

Kossoff (2011) Ketogenic Diets: Treatments for Epilepsy and Other Disorders

Kraft (1975) Detection of Diabetes Mellitus In Situ (Occult Diabetes)

Krebs (2010) Efficacy and Safety of a High Protein, Low Carbohydrate Diet for Weight Loss in Severely Obese Adolescents

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Krejčí (2017) Nízkosacharidová strava nejen v léčbě diabetu, EUC 2017 Praha

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Krejčí (2018b) Nízkosacharidová strava v léčbě diabetes mellitus (Low carbohydrate diets in diabetes mellitus treatment)

Kwiterovich (2003) Effect of a High-Fat Ketogenic Diet on Plasma Levels of Lipids, Lipoproteins, and Apolipoproteins in Children.

Kudr (2016) Role ketogenní diety v léčbě farmakorezistentní epilepsie (The role of ketogenic diet in the therapy of drug-resistant epilepsy)

LaFountain (2019) Extended Ketogenic Diet and Physical Training Intervention in Military Personnel

Lim (2010) Long-term effects of a low carbohydrate, low fat or high unsaturated fat diet compared to a no-intervention control

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Magiorkinis (2014) Highights in the History of Epilepsy: The Last 200 Years

Magnusdottir (2016) Næringarmeðferð einstaklinga með sykursýki af tegund 2

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Mansoor (2016) Effects of low-carbohydrate diets v. low-fat diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

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Masharani (2015) Metabolic and physiologic effects from consuming a hunter-gatherer (Paleolithic)-type diet in type 2 diabetes

Maunder (2018) Substrate Metabolism During Ironman Triathlon: Different Horses on the Same Courses

Mavropulous (2005) The effects of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet on the polycystic ovary syndrome: A pilot study

McGrice (2017) The Effect of Low Carbohydrate Diets on Fertility Hormones and Outcomes in Overweight and Obese Women: A Systematic Review

McKenzie (2017a) A Novel Intervention Including Individualized Nutritional Recommendations Reduces Hemoglobin A1c Level, Medication Use, and Weight in Type 2 Diabetes

McKenzie (2017b) Should a Low Carbohydrate Diet be Recommended for Diabetes Management?

McSwiney (2017) Keto-adaptation enhances exercise performance and body composition responses to training in endurance athletes

Miller (2018) Nutritional Ketosis and Mitohormesis: Potential Implications for Mitochondrial Function and Human Health

Muneta (2016) Ketone body elevation in placenta, umbilical cord, newborn and mother in normal delivery

Murdoch (2019) Adapting diabetes medication for low carbohydrate management of type 2 diabetes: a practical guide

Murray (2015) How to win a 200km Ultra doing things you are told you can’t do

Naude (2014) Low Carbohydrate versus Isoenergetic Balanced Diets for Reducing Weight and Cardiovascular Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Newburgh (1920) THE USE OF A HIGH FAT DIET IN THE TREATMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS
FIRST PAPER

Newburgh (1921) THE USE OF A HIGH FAT DIET IN THE TREATMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS
SECOND PAPER: BLOOD SUGAR

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Newman (2015) b-hydroxybutyrate: Much more than a metabolite

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Nichols (2018) Real Food for Pregnancy: The Science and Wisdom of Optimal Prenatal Nutrition

Nichols (2019) To pravé jídlo při těhotenské cukrovce – účinná alternativa ke konvenčním výživovým doporučením

Nickols-Richardson (2005) Perceived Hunger Is Lower and Weight Loss Is Greater in Overweight Premenopausal Women Consuming a Low-Carbohydrate/High-Protein vs High-Carbohydrate/Low-Fat Diet

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Noakes (2016) Super Food for Superchildren: Delicious, low-sugar recipes for healthy, happy children, from toddlers to teens (české vydání)

Noakes (2017) Lore of Nutrition: Challenging conventional dietary beliefs

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Paoli (2015) The Ketogenic Diet and Sport: A Possible Marriage?

Paoli (2015) Ketosis, ketogenic diet and food intake control: a complex relationship

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Perez-Guisado (2011) A Pilot Study of the Spanish Ketogenic Mediterranean Diet: An Effective Therapy for the Metabolic Syndrome

Perez-Guisado (2011) The Effect of the Spanish Ketogenic Mediterranean Diet on Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Pilot Study

Perez-Guisado (2014) La dietas cetogenicas potenciales efectos saludables de la dieta cetogenica Mediterránea Española

Phinney (1983) The Human Metabolic Response to Chronic Ketosis Without Caloric Restriction: Physical and Biochemical Adaptation

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Puchalska (2017) Multi-dimensional Roles of Ketone Bodies in Fuel Metabolism, Signaling, and Therapeutics

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Runyan (2017b) Conquer Type 2 Diabetes with a Ketogenic Diet: A Practical Guide for Reducing Your HBA1c and Avoiding Diabetic Complications

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Rušavý (2019) JE MOŽNÉ DOSÁHNOUT REMISE DIABETU 2. TYPU?

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Shai (2010) Dietary Intervention to Reverse Carotid Atherosclerosis

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Snoorgard (2017) Systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary carbohydrate restriction in patients with type 2 diabetes

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Soysal (2016) Pediatric patients on ketogenic diet undergoing general anesthesia—a medical record review

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Summer (2011) Adiponectin Changes in Relation to the Macronutrient Composition of a Weight-Loss Diet

Swidsinski (2017) Reduced Mass and Diversity of the Colonic Microbiome in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Their Improvement with Ketogenic Diet

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Toth (2014) Type 1 diabetes mellitus successfully managed with the paleolithic ketogenic diet

Toth (2015) A child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) successfully treated with the Paleolithic ketogenic diet: A 19-month insulin freedom

Toth (2015) Successful treatment of a patient with obesity, type 2 diabetes and hypertension with the paleolithic ketogenic diet

Toth (2016) Crohn’s disease successfully treated with the paleolithic ketogenic diet

Toth (2016) Halted Progression of Soft Palate Cancer in a Patient Treated with the Paleolithic Ketogenic Diet Alone: A 20-months Follow-up

Toth (2017) Treatment of Rectal Cancer with the Paleolithic Ketogenic Diet: A 24-months Follow-up

Tsujimoto (2017) Association between hyperin sulinemia and increased risk of cancer death in nonobese and obese people: A population-based observational study

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Turton (2018) Low-carbohydrate diets for type 1 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review

Tyrlíková (2015) Ketogenní dieta - její účinnost a praktické užití

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Unwin (2015) A pilot study to explore the role of a low- carbohydrate intervention to improve GGT levels and HbA1c

Unwin (2016) It is the glycaemic response to, not the carbohydrate content of food that matters in diabetes and obesity: The glycaemic index revisited

Unwin (2019) Substantial and Sustained Improvements in Blood Pressure, Weight and Lipid Profiles from a Carbohydrate Restricted Diet: An Observational Study of Insulin Resistant Patients in Primary Care

Urbain (2017) Impact of a 6-week non-energy-restricted ketogenic diet on physical fitness, body composition and biochemical parameters in healthy adults

Vargas (2018) Efficacy of ketogenic diet on body composition during resistance training in trained men: a randomized controlled trial

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VirtaHealth (2018) Overview of low carbohydrate diet studies (Virta Health)

Volek (2004) Comparison of energy-restricted very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on weight loss and body composition in overweight men and women

Volek (2015) Metabolic characteristics of keto-adapted ultra-endurance runners

Walton (2019) Improvement in Glycemic and Lipid Profiles in Type 2 Diabetics with a 90-Day Ketogenic Diet

Webster (2016) Gluconeogenesis during endurance exercise in cyclists habituated to a long-term low carbohydrate high-fat diet

Westman (2008) The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Wheless (2008) History of the ketogenic diet

Wilder (1921) The effect of ketonemia on the course of epilepsy

Wilder (1922) A Primer for diabetic patients

Worth (2007) Is there a role for low carbohydrate diets in the management of type 2 diabetes?

Yancy (2004) A Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet versus a Low-Fat Diet To Treat Obesity and Hyperlipidemia: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Yancy (2010) A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet vs orlistat plus a low-fat diet for weight loss

Zinman (2015) Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes, and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes

Zinn (2017) A 12-week low carbohydrate, high fat (LCHF) diet improves metabolic health outcomes over a control diet in a randomised controlled trial with overweight defence force personnel

Zinn (2017) Ketogenic diet benefits body composition and well-being but not performance in a pilot case study of New Zealand endurance athletes

Zinn (2018) Assessing the nutrient intake of a low- carbohydrate, high-fat (LCHF) diet: a hypothetical case study design

Zuuren (2018) Effects of low-carbohydrate- compared with low-fat-diet interventions on metabolic control in people with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review including GRADE assessments (český abstrakt)

 

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